Hemorrhoids are annoying and in many cases are, extremely troublesome. In some instances, they may mask a more serious disorder, such as colon or rectal cancer. Therefore, hemorrhoids require the proper diagnosis and treatment by a physician.
Hemorrhoids are dilated (enlarged) veins which occur in and around the anus and rectum. They may be external (outside the anus) or internal and slip to the outside.
A common cause of hemorrhoids is prolonged standing, in which all the blood above the rectum exerts pressure on the rectal and anal areas. Poor bowel habits, constipation, straining, diarrhea and pregnancy contribute to development of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids symptoms include pain, bleeding, itching and irritation and discharge. Painful hemorrhoids can cause vicious cycle of pain and constipation. Hemorrhoids do not develop into cancer. However, both hemorrhoids and cancer can cause rectal bleeding. In fact, many disorders can be the cause of rectal bleeding. When rectal bleeding occurs in persons over age 30, and especially in those over age 50, it should be considered a serious problem until an exact diagnosis is made.
Treatment for hemorrhoids includes, keeping the anal area clean but avoid rubbing. Diet high in fiber and roughage makes stool soft and bulky and easier to pass. Bulking agents, such as Metamucil, Konsyl and Citrucel are available over the counter. Ten to twenty minutes of hot tub bath (Seitz bath) is the best hemorrhoid pain treatment and this also avoid straining during bowel movements prevents hemorrhoids along with high fiber diet. Plenty of fluid as well as timely bowel movements are important also. Band ligation, infrared photocoagulation and lasers, are some minimally invasive treatments of hemorrhoids while surgery is needed for advanced 3rd and 4th degree hemorrhoids. Evacuations of clot from painful external hemorrhoid provide significant relief done right after it is noticed.
For the best hemorrhoid treatment, consult our board certified physician in Riverdale NJ.